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Salsa | ON 1

Salsa is a popular form of social danceoriginating from Cuban folk dances. The movements of Salsaare a combination of the Afro-Cuban dancesSon, cha-cha-cha, Mambo, Rumba, and the Danzón. The dance, along with salsamusic, saw major development in the mid-1970s in New York.

Mambo | ON 2

Mambo is a Latin danceof Cubawhich was developed in the 1940s when the music genre of the same namebecame popular throughout Latin America. The original ballroom dance which emerged in Cuba and Mexico was related to the danzón, albeit faster and less rigid. In the United States, it replaced rhumbaas the most fashionable Latin dance. Later on, with the advent of salsaand its more sophisticated dance, a new type of mambo dance including breaking steps was popularized in New York. This form received the name of “salsa on 2”, “mambo on 2” or “modern mambo”.

Kizomba

Kizombais a genre of danceand a musical genre originating in Angolain 1984 Kizomba means “party” in Kimbundu, an Angolan language. The origins of kizomba can be traced to late-1970s Africa, with influences variably attributed to Angola.[1][2]Kizomba is characterised by a slower, romantic, more sensuous rhythm[3]than the traditional Angolan sembadance.[1]Kizomba music emerged as a more modern music genre with a sensual touch mixed with African rhythm and Haitian compas. Most kizomba songs are sung in Portuguese.

Bachata

In partnering, the leadcan decide whether to perform in open, semi-closed or closed position. Dance moves or step variety strongly depend on the music (such as the rhythms played by the different instruments), setting, mood, and interpretation. Unlike salsa, bachata dance does not usually include many turn patterns.

Bachata is a social dance from the Dominican Republic in the Caribbean. The basic dance sequenceis performed in a full 8-count moving within a square, consisting of three steps and then a tap or various forms of step syncopations (such as the “double step”).[1][2]The tap is done on the opposite foot of the last step, while the next step is taken on the same foot as the tap. The dance direction may change after the tap or fourth step. Bachata can be danced on any beat of the musical phrase as long as the basic dance sequence (three steps and then a tap \ syncopation) is maintained (for example, one may start on the 1st beat of the musical phrase, with the tap on landing on the 4th beat).

 Brazilian zouk

Brazilian Zoukis a partner dance originating from Brazil. At first known as zouk-lambada, the dance is a descendant of lambada, and it was danced to LambadaMusic. Later on it was danced to Caribbean Zoukmusic, from where it got the name “Zouk”. (the dance style originated in Brazil and the music style to be distinguished from each other). Today (2018), Brazilian Zouk is danced to a broad set of music styles, including R’n’b, hip hop, and pop music.[1] 

  • Traditional Zouk(or Rio style zouk) is a more sensual, romantic and dramatic style of Brazilian zouk.
  • Lamba Zouk(or Zouk lambada, or Porto Seguro style) has the closest connection to Lambada.
  • Modern Zoukis a highly diverse denomination to a group of styles, other than Traditional or Lamba Zouk.
  • Mzoukis the only style originated outside of Brazil, but in Mallorca, Spainparallel to the other styles.
  • Soulzoukregards itself as a philosophy of dance rather than style with focus on Biomechanics

In addition and to these styles many professional zouk dancers have created and named their own derivations of Zouk, such as Flow Zouk, and Vero Zouk

Ballroom Dance

Ballroom danceis a set of partner dances, which are enjoyed both sociallyand competitivelyaround the world. Because of its performanceand entertainmentaspects, ballroom dance is also widely enjoyed on stage, film, and television.

Ballroom dancemay refer, at its widest definition, to almost any type of partner dancing as recreation. However, with the emergence of dancesportin modern times, the term has become narrower in scope and traditionally refers to the five International Standard and five International Latin style dances (see dance categoriesbelow). The two styles, while differing in technique, rhythm and costumes, exemplify core elements of ballroom dancing such as control and cohesiveness. Developed in England,[1]the two styles are now regulated by the World Dance Council(WDC) and the World DanceSport Federation(WDSF). In the United States, two additional variations are popular: American Smoothand American Rhythm, which combine elements of the Standard and Latin styles with influences from other dance traditions.

There are also a number of historical dances, and local or national dances, which may be danced in ballrooms or salons. Sequence dancing, in pairs or other formations, is still a popular style of ballroom dance.[2]

Argentine tango

Argentine tangois a musical genreand accompanying social danceoriginating at the end of the 19th century in the suburbs of Buenos Aires[1]and Montevideo. It typically has a 2
4
or 4
rhythmic time signature, and two or three parts repeating in patterns such as ABAB or ABCAC. Its lyrics are marked by nostalgia, sadness, and laments for lost love. The typical orchestrahas several melodic instruments and is given a distinctive air by the small button accordioncalled the bandoneon. It has continued to grow in popularity and spread internationally, adding modern elements without replacing the older ones. Among its leading figures are the singer and songwriter Carlos Gardeland composers/performers Francisco Canaro, Juan D’Arienzo, Carlos Di Sarli, Osvaldo Pugliese, and Ástor Piazzolla.

WEst coast swing

West Coast Swingis a partner dancewith roots in the Lindy Hop. It is characterized by an elastic look that results from its extension-compression technique of partner connectionand is danced primarily in a slotted areaon the dance floor. The dance allows for both partners to improvise steps while dancing together, putting West Coast Swing in a short list of dances that emphasize improvisation.[1]

Typically the followerwalks into new patterns traveling forward on counts “1” and “2” of each basic pattern, rather than rocking back. Traditional figures include 6-count and 8-count patterns of one of the four basic varieties: (1) Starter Step, (2) Side Pass, (3) Push Break / Sugar Push, (4) Whip.[2]

Alternatively the basic patterns in West Coast Swing are defined as: Push Break (or Sugar Push); Left Side Pass; Right Side Pass; Tuck Turn; and Whip. Virtually all other moves in West Coast Swing are variations of these basic patterns.

The Anchor Stepis a common ending pattern of many West Coast Swing figures.[3][4]

Hustle Dance

The hustleis a catchall name for some discodances which were extremely popular in the 1970s. Today it mostly refers to the unique partner dance done in ballrooms and nightclubs to disco music.[1]It has some features in common with mambo, salsaand swing dance. Its basic steps are somewhat similar to the discofox, which emerged at about the same time and is more familiar in various European countries. In the 1970s there was also a line dancecalled the hustle. Modern partner hustle is sometimes referred to as New York hustle, however, its original name is the Latin hustle. People still do this dance around the world today.

Cumbia

Cumbia[ˈkumbja]is a folkloricrhythm and dance from Colombia.[1][2]By the 1940s cumbia began spreading from the coast to other parts of Colombia alongside other costeñaform of music, like porroand vallenato. Clarinetist Lucho Bermúdez helped bring cumbia into the country’s interior.[3]The early spread of cumbia internationally was helped by the number of record companies on the coast. Originally working-class populist music, cumbia was frowned upon by the elites, but as it spread, the class association subsided and cumbia became popular in every sector of society.[4]. The researcher Guillermo Abadía Morales in his “Compendium of Colombian folklore”, Volume 3, # 7, published in 1962, states that “this explains the origin in the zamboconjugation of musical air by the fusion of the melancholy indigenous gaita flute or caña de millo, i.e., Tolo or Kuisí, of Kunaor Kogiethnic groups, respectively, and the cheerful and impetuous resonance from the African drums. The ethnographic council has been symbolized in the different dancing roles that correspond to each sex.”[5]The presence of these cultural elements can be appreciated thus:

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